About Pop Art
Pop Art is an art genre with origins in the fifties and sixties, which has not lost its relevance until today. The term "Pop Art" is attributed to the English art critic Lawrence Alloway. Alloway referred to the letters "POP" and is thus considered the author of the name. This combination of letters was found on a collage by the English painter Richard Hamilton made in 1956. In addition, a second meaning is derived from the abbreviation to "Popular Art".
Two world centers played an enormous role for the development of "Pop Art" - London and New York.
The names of Francis Bacon, Peter Blake, Richard Hamilton, David Hockney, Allan Jones, and Kurt Schwitters, are recognized as those of the most important representatives of English pop art. The "This is Tomorrow" exhibition, held in 1956 by the "Independent Group" at the Institute of Contemporary Arts in London hit great waves and marked one of the cornerstones of the art direction. A special characteristic of the English pop art was hidden accross the collages of R. Hamilton from the year 1956: "Just what makes today's homes so different, so appealing". That is also where the term "Instant Art" (instantly available art) appeared - that is, you could integrate existing and art-reflecting things like poster excerpts into the work of art.
The founders of Pop Art in the USA included Andy Warhol and a group of New York painters around Jasper Johns and Robert Rauschenberg. Andy Warhol's collaboration with the "Velvet Underground" group was the key to the connection to pop music. Among the numerous artists of the "New York Pop" were Jim Dines, Robert Indiana, Roy Lichtenstein, Tom Wesselmann and many more.
From the 1960s, pop art began spreading across almost all European countries.
In addition to stylistic influences such as those borrowed from Dadaism, one of the essential features of Pop Art is the rejection of all traditional forms of expression, including abstract art. In Pop Art, these are replaced by motifs, symbols and signals from the advertising industry, as a stereotypical embodiment of the offers by department stores and the amusement industry, far reaching into isolated places and aspects of life. The usual motif repertoire is mostly constructed of portraits of stars such as Marilyn Monroe, cars, pin-up girls, cosmetics, telephones, record players, Coca-Cola bottles, cigarettes, among others. From the wide range of stylistic features of Por Art, the more notable ones are: unmixed and often harsh colors, realistic poster style of representation with a deliberate elimination of fine details, underlining of the unusual in ordinary things and witty and ironic handling of the mass consumption struggles.
„Pop is liking things“, Andy Warhol.